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Face Masks and Safety Goggles

Surgical face masks protect all members of the healthcare team and patients from inhaling contaminated aerosol. The effectiveness of surgical face mask lies in their filtration performance, which is only possible when the edges of the mask fit snuggly against the face. Multilayer surgical face masks are especially safe, as they can be fitted and adjusted by means of a flexible bar in the nose area. The mask must be replaced when there is a likely contamination or after becoming moist.

Safety goggles and visors help protect the eyes from blood particles, pieces of tissue, and other infectious materials. It is important that the goggles cover the sides. Goggles need to provide distortion-free and non-restrictive peripheral vision. Visors are suited especially for wearers of glasses. Even when visors cover the entire face, masks must be worn. Safety goggles and visors should be cleaned with a surface disinfectant after every treatment.

Infection Control Term of the Day
Acute, contagious illness caused by an enveloped, double-stranded DNA virus, the Variola virus, which is a member of the poxvirus family. There are two main varieties of smallpox infection that differ in severity and, if one variety is acquired, immunity is developed against both. Smallpox is transmitted through virus-containing droplets that carry through the air and land on mucosa of the upper respiratory system. This transmission usually occurs through unprotected face-to-face contact. Smallpox first causes fever with head and backaches followed by a distinctive rash and pustular eruptions, which often leave characteristic scars. Vaccination has eradicated the disease.
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